We propose a multi-criteria analysis of alternative combinations of renewable energy technologies: solar, wind and hydro, but also traditional options such as gas, nuclear, coal and biomass to meet a sustainable energy supply in the face of climate change. The approach into account a range of criteria to reflect relevant environmental, social and economic considerations, capture the value of diversity, and reflect innovative potential and learning capacity for a sustainable development in the energy sector. The combination of these factors allows for sustainability focused solutions in which there is more balance between economic, environmental and social dimensions, unlike in previous studies. Scenarios that might have been preferred on the basis of for example, minimal costs or low CO2 emissions, will have to be reconsidered because of negative effects in terms of land use or unemployment. The decision making philosophy in this case changes from that of optimization to multi-criteria satisficing. We argue for consideration of the following dimensions of the green energy system: costs, emissions, water use, land use and employment. Consideration of such dimensions will shift energy system in to the direction of overall environmental sustainability while making it more resilient in the long-term. The approach is applied to the case of the United Kingdom by making use of a MARKAL model, complementing its goal of cost-minimization with additional, social and environmental sustainability criteria. The project gave rise to a number of suggestions for UK energy mix and policy.
Funded by the National Science Foundation, USA
We have carried out detailed content analysis of climate change policy discourse in the Russian media for 2008-2009, which resulted in the identification of the key policy actors, a taxonomy of policy issues being addressed and a spectrum of positions taken on each of these. Presented in a diagrammatic way with the help of network analysis, the results were speaking for themselves. We focused on the analysis of ratification of Kyoto Protocol, negotiating post-Kyoto agreements, securing national safety in relation to climate change, development of the Arctic and climate change, CO2 emissions reduction, carbon trading, introducing carbon tax, energy efficiency improvement, adaptation to climate change, renewable energy development, de-monopolization of the energy industry, Clean Development Mechanism, forest restoration for climate change mitigation, Joint Implementation Mechanisms, international trade and globalization, modernization of the energy system, assessment of ecological consequences of climate change, implementation of Kyoto Protocol and greening the policy process. We can help you understand a particular debate or discourse in a new environmental, social or economic policy area in a given country. The result would be a clear picture of the current state of affairs in a particular policy discourse, describing key stakeholders, topical environmental policy issues, and positions of stakeholders as portrayed in the media over a certain period of time.
Comparative analysis of advanced renewable energy modelling tools: Dream, LEAP, RetScreen, Homer, Gemis, MDM 3E, Markal, Message. Development of the taxonomy of criteria for sustainable energy systems analysis: economic, social, resource, emissions, risks and technical issues. Review of multicriteria applications of renewable energy decision support. Often to select the best energy strategy, stakeholders take into account an extensive range of economic characteristics, including investment costs, operation and maintenance costs, cost of electricity, local gross value added, Internal Rate of Return, long term viability and the impact on the balance of trade. At the same time, the social effects of the energy system change should be explicitly analysed: it matters to which extent the energy system transformation to mitigate climate change will stimulate employment, distribution of impact, how the new environmental management options and policies will affect social acceptability, what kind of visual impact will the changes make, how cohesive the changes will be to local activities. It is equally important to take into account a range of resource inputs, such as land, water, material requirements and indirect energy requirements. Considering environmental effects is also undisputedly essential for making justified decisions regarding energy system transformations. Such environmental effects normally include noise impacts, CO2 emissions, NOx emissions, SO2 emissions, PM emissions, forest loss, impacts on ecosystems, solid wastes, water pollution, impacts on microclimate and soil productivity. Besides, the analysts normally consider a range of technical issues and risks when making decisions about new renewable energy installations.
We can help you find the best renewable energy strategy for your region or company, , identify the most important criteria, stakeholders and alternatives for you in the renewable energy area and select the best pool of technologies, minimizing environmental effects, economic costs, risks and resource use.